Wikia

PlanetStar Wiki

Diracium

Comments0
171pages on
this wiki
Diracium (153Dr)
Nomenclature
Pronunciation /'dər•ās•ē•(y)üm/
Name in Saurian Tahusaim (Th)
/'tä•hüs•ām/
Systematic name Unpenttrium (Upt)
/'ün•pent•trē•(y)üm/
Location on the periodic table
Period 8
Coordinate 6f13
Above element Mendelevium (101Md)
Below element ––
Previous element Wittenium (152Wt)
Next element Lewisium (154Le)
Family Thulium family
Series Dumaside series
Atomic properties
Atomic mass 436.6234 u, 725.0302 yg
Atomic radius 125 pm, 1.25 Å
Van der Waals radius 187 pm, 1.87 Å
Subatomic particles 586
Nuclear properties
Nucleons 433 (153 p+, 280 n0)
Nuclear ratio 1.83
Nuclear radius 9.04 fm
Half-life 17.302 ms
Electronic properties
Electron notation 153-8-24
Electron configuration [Mc] 5g18 6f11 7d2 8s2 8p2
2, 8, 18, 32, 50, 29, 10, 4
Oxidation states 0, +1
(mildly basic oxide)
Electronegativity 2.95
First ionization energy 1190.2 kJ/mol, 12.335 eV
Electron affinity 7.6 kJ/mol, 0.079 eV
Covalent radius 134 pm, 1.34 Å
Physical properties
Bulk properties
Molar mass 436.623 g/mol
Molar volume 37.742 cm3/mol
Density 11.569 g/cm3
Atomic number density 1.38 × 1021 g−1
1.60 × 1022 cm−3
Average atomic separation 397 pm, 3.97 Å
Speed of sound 1658 m/s
Magnetic ordering Paramagnetic
Crystal structure Simple hexagonal
Color Grayish white
Phase Solid
Thermodynamics
Melting point 1202.46 K, 2164.43°R
929.31°C, 1704.76°F
Boiling point 2510.32 K, 4518.58°R
2237.17°C, 4058.91°F
Liquid range 1307.86 K, 2354.15°R
Liquid ratio 2.09
Triple point 1202.47 K, 2164.44°R
929.32°C, 1704.77°F
@ 167.23 mPa, 0.0012544 torr
Critical point 5980.25 K, 10764.45°R
5707.10°C, 10304.78°F
@ 188.1941 MPa, 1857.338 atm
Heat of fusion 12.859 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization 240.959 kJ/mol
Heat capacity 0.05447 J/(g•K), 0.09804 J/(g•°R)
23.782 J/(mol•K), 42.807 J/(mol•°R)
Abundance
Universe (by mass) Relative: 8.69 × 10−41
Absolute: 2.91 × 1012 kg

Diracium is the fabricated name of a hypothetical element with the symbol Dr and atomic number 153. Diracium was named in honor of Paul Dirac (1902–1984), who made fundamental contributions to the early development of both quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics. This element is known in the scientific literature as unpenttrium (Upt), eka-mendelevium, or simply element 153. Diracium is the thirteenth member of the dumaside series, found in the third row of f-block (below thulium and mendelevium); this element is located in the periodic table coordinate 6f13.

Properties Edit

Physical Edit

Diracium is a grayish white shiny metal that never tarnishes in the air. One mole of diracium weighs 437 grams, close to a pound (approx. 454 grams), and takes up 38 cubic centimeters or about 213 cubic inches of space. If we divide molar mass in grams by molar volume in cubic centimeters, the answer would be 11.6 g/cm3, that is, its density. Diracium atoms arrange to form hexagonal crystals and is paramagnetic along with 64% of other elements.

Diracium liquifies at 1202 K and vaporizes at 2510 K, resulting in its liquid ratio of 2.09. During these processes, one mole of diracium requires 13 kJ and 241 kJ of energy, respectively. One mole of diracium absorbs 24 joules to heat the metal by 1 K, while it releases that same amount to cool by 1 K.

Atomic Edit

Diracium atom has 24 orbitals in 8 shells containing 153 electrons surrounding the nucleus comprising of 433 nucleons (153 protons, 280 neutrons) and the nuclear ratio of 1.83. Despite it is the second to last element of the f-block series, the f-orbital needs three more electrons to complete its orbital. Due to spin-orbit coupling there are two electrons in the d-orbital. Even that, from the previous element, f-orbital acquired two electrons while d-orbital lost an electron.

Isotopes Edit

Like every other element heavier than lead, diracium has no stable isotopes. The most stable isotope is 433Dr with a brief half-life of 17.3 milliseconds. It undergoes spontaneous fission, splitting into two or three lighter nuclei plus neutrons like the examples.

433
153
Dr → 258
103
Lr + 120
50
Sn + 55 1
0
n
433
153
Dr → 208
82
Pb + 106
46
Pd + 55
25
Mn + 64 1
0
n

Diracium has several meta states. The longest lived is 435mDr with a half-life of just 564 microseconds, less than 130 the half-life of 433Dr.

Chemical Edit

Diracium's chemical properties are very different from lighter homologue mendelevium due to its much smaller atomic size and much higher ionization energies. The stable oxistates are just 0 and +1. The electron affinity is 7.6 kJ/mol, which is low. Thus due to relativistic effects, diracium is extremely unreactive, meaning the metal is very stable in air, as well as in acids and alkalis.

Compounds Edit

Diracium would react with strong reducing oxides such as dichlorine monoxide at high temperatures to form Dr2O, which is an orange-brown brittle solid. DrF (white) and DrCl (white) can be made by heating diracium with free fluorine and chlorine gases, respectively. Other halides are DrBr (yellow) and DrI (pink), which are more difficult to make. Halides can even combine with oxygen to form oxyhalides, such as Dr3OBr. Despite its unreactivity, organic compounds of diracium (organodiracium) are possible to make. An example is ethyldiracium (C2H5Dr), which is a colorless liquid, obtained by electrifying diracium oxide in the mixture of ethanol and hydrochloric acid.

Occurrence and synthesis Edit

It is almost certain that diracium doesn't exist on Earth at all, but it is believe to exist somewhere in the universe, at least barely. Since every element heavier than lithium were produced by stars, then diracium must be produced in stars, and then thrown out into space by exploding stars. But it is theoretically impossible for even the most powerful supernovae or most violent neutron star collisions to produce this element through r-process because there's not enough energy available or not enough neutrons, respectively, to produce this hyperheavy element. Instead, this element virtually can only be made by advanced technological civilizations. An estimated abundance of diracium in the universe by mass is 8.69 × 10−41, which amounts to 2.91 × 1012 kilograms or about twice the total biomass of fish worth of diracium.

To go along with other such civilizations, humans on Earth may eventually have the capability to synthesize diracium. To synthesize most stable isotopes of diracium, nuclei of a couple lighter elements must be fused together, and right amount of neutrons must be seeded. This operation would be extremely difficult since it requires a vast amount of energy and even if nuclei of this element were produced would immediately decay due to its brief half-life. Here's couple of example equations in the production of the most stable isotope, 433Dr.

238
92
U + 145
61
Pm + 50 1
0
n → 433
153
Dr
311
115
Lz + 88
38
Sr + 34 1
0
n → 433
153
Dr
Periodic table
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1 H He
2 Li Be B C N O F Ne
3 Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar
4 K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
5 Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
6 Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
7 Fr Ra Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Bc Fl Lz Lv J Mc
8 Nw Gl * Du Bu Ab Sh Hi Da Bo Fa Av So Hr Wt Dr Le Vh Hk Ke Ap Vw Hu Fh Ma Kp Gb
9 Ps Hb Kf Bn Ju Hm Bs Rs
* Ls Dm Ms Ts Dt Mw Pk By Bz Fk Dw To Pl Ah My Cv Fy Ch An Ed

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki